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Clowne Junior School

Working together for success and happiness

Wider Curriculum

LI: Identify mining counties across the UK and explain geographical trends.



Read the document below. This short passage of text gives information about Southgate Colliery. Southgate Colliery was located right in the heart of Clowne. Read it carefully.



Using the information in the text, create a small fact file of important facts about Southgate Colliery.


The UK coal mining industry was once a crucial and bustling industry. The UK’s coal production peaked in the early 1900’s with coal mines spread far and wide across the UK. But where exactly in the UK did coal come from?

Many counties across the UK were producing coal and our objective is to locate these counties and identify and common trends.



1) What is a county?

2) Which county is Clowne Junior School in?

3) Do all counties include ‘shire’?







These UK counties produced significant coalfields in the late 19th century:

  • Northumberland
  • Durham
  • Glamorgan (west, mid and south)
  • South Yorkshire
  • Lancashire
  • Derbyshire
  • Ayrshire
  • Cumbria

Whilst the whole of the UK was littered with coalfields during this period. These counties were significant forces behind the UK’s coal production.



Step 1: Draw out a rough outline of the UK, like you see below.

Step 2: Follow the link below to the interactive map.

Step 3 (hard): Use the interactive map to search through the counties. Tap the counties and the names will appear. Can you find the counties above that led UK coal production?

Step 3 (easy): If you are struggling to find the counties, the website has a search option that can be used to type in the name of the county which it will then find for you.

Step 4: Once you locate a county, return to your outline of the UK and shade in the rough area of the county and use a ruler to label the county.



With all of your counties shaded, do you notice any trends?

You might want to consider:
inland vs coastal

North vs South and East vs West etc.

Write down a short sentence with your conclusion.


1) A county is a regional area of a country. Counties can be big or small. Some counties are made up of just small towns and villages, others contain multiple large cities.

2) Derbyshire

3) No. Whilst many counties do end in ‘shire’ many other don’t. For example: Kent, Devon, Cornwall etc






Here is the Strikes & Flying Pickets Knowledge Organiser to help with the lesson.